Today, the RMB is one of the top five most-used currencies, in addition to the U.S. dollar, euro, yen, and British pound. In 2022, the IMF increased the weight of the yuan in its Special Drawing Rights basket—an international reserve asset that the IMF created as a supplement to member countries’ official reserves. Since currency flows in and out of mainland China are still restricted, renminbi traded in off-shore markets, such as the Hong Kong market, can have a different value to renminbi traded on the mainland.


The yuan was derived from the Spanish dollar or Mexican dollar, worth eight Spanish reales and popularly known as the piece-of-eight. This was effectively the world’s first international currency, beginning to circulate widely in east and southeast Asia in the late 18th century due to Spanish presence in the region, principally the Philippines and Guam. In Standard (Mandarin) Chinese, 圓 / 圆 yuán literally means “round”. During the Qing Dynasty and early Republic the yuan was a large, thick round coin made of silver, modelled on the Spanish dollar. In addition to a renewed emphasis on traditional craft arts (silver, lacquer, and other materials), there were important developments in ceramics. Various earlier traditions were continued, but there was also interest in producing new shapes, decoration, and glazes.

  1. In 1914, the Silver Dollar was established as the official currency of the Republic of China, with copper, fen, and nickel coins being added in the 1930s.
  2. So its currency is now more flexible but is still managed with a close eye.
  3. In 2005, a flexible mechanism of exchange rates was phased in, with the RMB being re-evaluated to 8.1 Renminbi per US dollar.
  4. However, the actual relationship between them could be very complicated.
  5. As a result, China has become one of the largest foreign holders of U.S.
  6. This word was also used for the silver Spanish dollars introduced by European merchants in the 17th and 18th centuries.

What Is the Chinese Yuan Renminbi (CNY)?

So its currency is now more flexible but is still managed with a close eye. China used to peg its currency to the U.S. dollar (USD), its largest trade partner. It now manages its exchange rate against a basket of currencies from its largest trading partners, weighted by the amount of trade they do with each. Currently, the USD still has the largest weighting in that basket. These are the average exchange rates of these two currencies for the last 30 and 90 days.

How Do You Buy Digital Yuan?

It stayed above ¥8/$1 until 2005 when the renminbi’s peg to the dollar was loosened and it was allowed to appreciate. Renminbi is the name of the currency while yuan is the name of the primary unit of the renminbi. This is analogous to the distinction between “sterling” and “pound” when discussing the official currency of the United Kingdom.[13] Jiao and fen are also units of renminbi.

Commemorative issues of the renminbi banknotes

The Republic of China, which governs Taiwan, believes wide usage of the renminbi would create an underground economy and undermine its sovereignty.[88] Tourists are allowed to bring in up to ¥20,000 when visiting Taiwan. Beginning in January 2010, Chinese and non-Chinese citizens have an annual exchange limit of a maximum of US$50,000. Currency exchange will only proceed if the applicant appears in person at the relevant bank and presents their passport or Chinese ID.

The reigns of the later Yuan emperors were short and marked by intrigues and rivalries. Uninterested in administration, they were separated from both the army and the populace, and China was torn by dissension and unrest. Outlaws ravaged the country without interference from the weakening Yuan armies. Our currency rankings show that the most popular US Dollar exchange rate is the USD to USD rate. After plunging abruptly in 2015, international use of the yuan started to recover last year as major steps were taken to open up China’s financial markets to foreign investors and entities.

Chinese Yuan to United States Dollar

As a result, China is urgently trying to crack the hegemony of the US dollar and promote use of the yuan beyond its borders to minimise disruptions to its trade and investment activities. Officially, China’s currency is the renminbi, which literally means “the people’s currency” in Mandarin. In 1949, the Communist Party defeated the Kuomintang and Mao Zedong proclaimed the People’s Republic of China, making the renminbi the sole legal currency across the country. Some economists believe that these controls kvb forex keep the yuan artificially devalued, making the country’s exports more attractive. In the summer of 2018, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) reported that the Chinese yuan was in line with fundamentals, only to then witness the yuan reach a 13-month low in response to an escalating tariff war with the United States. When shopping in China, a storekeeper might also express prices in terms of kuai, which translates into “pieces,” and is similar to how Americans use “bucks” to mean dollars.

] who did not consider the Yuan dynasty as a legitimate dynasty of China, but rather as a period of foreign domination. The latter believe that Han Chinese were treated as second-class citizens,[citation needed] and that China stagnated economically and scientifically. When Yesün Temür died in Shangdu in 1328, Tugh Temür was recalled to Khanbaliq by the Qipchaq commander El Temür.

Before 2009, the renminbi had little to no exposure in the international markets because of strict government controls by the central Chinese government that prohibited almost all export of the currency, or use of it in international transactions. Transactions between Chinese companies and a foreign entity were generally denominated in US dollars. With Chinese companies unable to hold US dollars and foreign companies unable to hold Chinese yuan, all transactions would go through the People’s Bank of China. Once the sum was paid by the foreign party in dollars, the central bank would pass the settlement in renminbi to the Chinese company at the state-controlled exchange rate.

In 1953, aluminium ¥0.01, ¥0.02, and ¥0.05 coins began being struck for circulation, and were first introduced in 1955. These depict the national emblem on the obverse (front) and the name and denomination framed by wheat stalks on the reverse (back). In 1980, brass ¥0.1, ¥0.2, and ¥0.5 and cupro-nickel ¥1 coins were added, although the ¥0.1 and ¥0.2 were only produced until 1981, with the last ¥0.5 and ¥1 issued in 1985. All jiǎo coins depicted similar designs to the fēn coins while the yuán depicted the Great Wall of China. The denomination of each banknote is printed in simplified written Chinese.

However, the actual relationship between them could be very complicated. Some fǔ and zhōu were directly administered by the province, while some existed inside a lù. A lù usually administered several counties, along with several fǔ and zhōu, and the fǔ or zhōu themselves could also administer their own counties. As a result, it is impossible to delineate exactly how many tiers of divisions there were under a province. Branch Secretariats or simply provinces, were provincial-level administrative organizations or institutions, though they were not exactly provinces in modern sense. There were eleven “regular” provinces in Yuan dynasty,[162] and their administrations were subordinated to the Central Secretariat.